FDA’s Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) Final Rule establishing “Standards for the Growing, Harvesting, Packing, and Holding of Produce for Human Consumption” (see our detailed summary here) includes an exhaustive list of commodities at 21 CFR 112.2(a)(3) that are “not covered produce” because this produce is rarely consumed raw (RCR). FDA exempts RCR commodities because cooking is a kill step that usually can be expected to adequately reduce microorganisms of public health significance. FDA classified produce as RCR based on food consumption patterns reported in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey/What We Eat in America (NHANES/WWEIA) dataset and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Food Commodity Intake Database,
I am analyzing NHANES SURVEY data for years 2013,2015 and 2017 to see trends and recent changes in consumption patterns. These produce have many health benefits and they are declared to be exempted from any growing, packaging and storage regulation.

Consumption pattern change in RCR ( produce exempted by FDA) and its association with Folate level.