Instructions
please write a response to this students answer to class discussion…

ANSWER:
Carol Gilligan stated that Kohlberg’s theories omit the existence of females. Gilligan studied under Kohlberg at Harvard. His moral reasoning theory was very well known and well respected. Gilligan decided to study the development of moral reasoning with other female students who attended Harvard. She conclude in her studies that women seek mercy and men seek justice. However, she also concluded that women’s arguments were just as strong as men’s (Book: Human Development in the 21st Century”).
Gilligan justifies her argument that Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning is gender biased because Kohlberg’s stages of development consist of six stages based upon a student of 84 boys who Kohlberg followed over a period of twenty years (DIessner, 2008, pp.33-34). Erikson states that for females, development is different that men. He states the females hold onto their identity as they prepare to attract men “by whose name she will be known, by status she will be defined, the man who will rescue her from emptiness and loneliness by filling “the inner space”” (Diessner, 2008, pp.31). Erikson is basically stating that a woman does not have an identity until she finds a man that she will marry and who will make all decisions for her. Erikson also states that a female gets to know herself through her relationship with others, not by being independent. Giligan’s theory of moral reasoning states that women are their own individuals and can make their own decisions. They are also equal to men when it comes to arguments.
In my own life, I think independence was emphasized more. I was raised by a single mom. I would come home from school and have to be by myself until she came home from work. At one point, my mom worked a night shift for about a year so I was on my own all night and had to be independent and make dinner on my own. I think I was around 14-15 when this happened. When I was younger, we lived with my grandparents. Interdependence was stressed during this time. I was always raised to share with my friends and my sister, as all children are in elementary school. It shifted to a focus on independence when we moved out to our own apartment. We moved back and forth between apartments and my grandparents house depending on our financial situation. However, during the period of when I was 13 and older, I was pretty much on my own. I had to take care of my younger sister and be responsible. Nothing was different based on gender in my family, we are all female and were all treated the same. I think when my children are young I would stress interdependence and empathy more. Being able to coexist peacefully with others and get along with everyone is important. However, when they become teenagers, I will stress the important of being independent and having the ability to do things on their own. All adolescents seek to be independent and by allowing them to be independent early in life, I think my hypothetical children will be easier to take care of. Instead of them sneaking out in the middle of the night seeking independence, they will already know that I allow them to be their own self (Feldman, 2017, pp. 402).

References
Book: Human Development in the 21st Century. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2018, from https://moodle.esc.edu/mod/book/view.php?id=1782609&;chapterid=156312
Diessner, R. (2008). Classic Edition Sources: Human Development(3rd ed.). Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill.
Feldman, R. S. (2017). Development Across the Life Span(8th ed.). Boston: Pearson.

personal statement