Section 1: Context Description (Cultural Perspective).
In this section, you will use the SPEAKING model associated with the cultural perspective to briefly introduce the exchange by describing the circumstances, context, participants, and goals of the interaction. More specifically, you will:
Using the SPEAKING model associated with the cultural perspective, briefly introduce the exchange by describing the circumstances, context, participants, and goals of the interaction. Provide a description of the communication event clearly using each of the letters in the acronym.
In regard to the “P”/participants, speak about this very briefly. You will address this in more detail in the next section.
In regard to the “N”/norms, you may also consider discussing what you imagine would be inappropriate in the interaction. Another easy way to frame this is by saying, “In X situation, people typically communicate in A, B, and C ways.”
The context description should set the stage for your analysis by briefly identifying the face-threat that you will be analyzing.
Section 2: Identities at Play.
Now, write about how the identities of the participants (specific master, interactional, personal, and/or relational) affected the expectations for talk to manage the face-threat you identified.
Name the identities (e.g., shy, woman, mom) and label them using reading concepts (e.g., personal, master, and interactional identities.)
Another way to frame this is to say, how did pre-established master, interactional, and/or personal identities shape or set the stage for discourse in this exchange?
For example, what were the power dynamics going into the discussion given those identities?
What speech acts did those identities make possible and easy and what speech acts did those identities make difficult as choices for talk?
Although this discussion should be relevant to your analysis of the face-threatening conversation under study (we should be able to see these identities at play in the talk), do not get too far into the specifics of the face-threat yet. You will conduct that analysis in detail in Praxis Assignment #3. In this section, offer your reader a general sense of the identity- and relationship-work that set the conditions for this conversation.