Prep 07: Theories of Classical Conditioning and
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Theories of Classical Conditioning
For your midterm, you will need to understand two theories of classical conditioning:
Preparatory-Response Theory / Compensatory Response Model
Rescorla-Wagner Theory / Model
Use o. 169-175, but also remember our discussion of opponent process theory, in answer items in this section.
Describe an example to illustrate how tolerance to a drug can develop through respondent conditioning processes. Identify the CS, US, CR, and UR in the example.
Building on the example you used in Item #1…
What would be the effects (behaviorally and/or physiologically)
of conditioned withdrawal in your example?
When would a person be more likely to overdose? (Choose one: a or b.)
When they use a drug in the same environment where they typically use the drug.
When they use a drug in a different environment from where they typically use the drug.
Explain your answer in terms of respondent conditioning.
(This item is taken from p. 175 of your textbook.)
“A person who drinks a glass of wine in a fine restaurant is likely to me (MORE / LESS) affected by the alcohol than if she drank the same amount of wine in a courtroom.”
Explain your answer.
Describe what happens to a drug user’s a and b processes over time.
What is the b process (for the user)? Which process (a or b) is responsible for withdrawal? Explain.
Use the terms tolerance and withdrawal in your answer. (Again, it may help to think back to our conversations about opponent process theory of emotions. The same logic is applied to preparatory response theory.)
Your textbook, p. 176-179, will be helpful in this section.
Describe one of the assumptions of Rescorla-Wagner Theory identified in your textbook.
What is the Rescorla-Wagner model provided in the footnote of p. 176? Provide the model in the space below and identify each part (delta, lamba, V, and k).
(The ppt slides of Rescorla-Wagner in the Contents folder of CougarVIEW might also be helpful.)
Using words (not the mathematical formula or calculations), describe the Rescorla-Wagner account of blocking. (In other words, when does the model predict blocking will occur?)
Using words (not the mathematical formula or calculations), describe the Rescorla-Wagner account of overexpectation effect. (In other words, when does the model predict overexpectation effects will occur?)
What is the distinction between excitatory and inhibitory conditioning? (This should be review.) How do you know whether excitatory or inhibitory conditioning has occurred?
Using words (not the mathematical formula or calculations), describe the Rescorla-Wagner account of inhibitory conditioning. (In other words, when does the model predict inhibitory conditioning will occur?)
Imagine that Pavlov tested two different metronomes, one that is twice is loud as the other. He trains one dog with the softer metronome click and another dog with the louder metronome click.
Describe how the salience of the metronome would impact learning/CR according to the Rescorla-Wagner model.
Respondents versus Operants
Final 8 points of this prep work:
READ and COMMENT on two articles in Perusall.
They address distinctions between respondent and operant behavior.
Provide a summary response of what you learned from reading the two articles, or any other reaction you have to them, in the space below.